In this session, you will learn all about risk and protective factors and how to utilize them in your helping relationship.

What are the objectives of session 8?

  • To define risk and protective factors
  • To understand the difference between distal and proximal factors
  • To give examples of distal and proximal risk and protective factors
  • To learn about the SWOT analysis and how to apply it in a helping relationship
  • To complete your own SWOT analysis with action plan to achieve positive change

What are risk and protective factors?

As the names suggest, risk factors are those personal characteristics and external aspects that interfere with a person’s recovery while protective factors help drive and sustain the recovery process. Both the patient and person(s) helping him or her have risk and protective factors that have to be identified and managed. The basic objective is to avoid or eliminate risk factors and utilize and strengthen protective factors of both the patient and those helping him or her.

Next, we explain the difference between distal and proximal risk factors and offer examples of each.