In this session, you will learn the cognitive approaches to understanding how thoughts and feelings drive behavior. You will also start exploring the cognitive processes of your partner, family member, or friend when s/he experience problem symptoms.

What are the objectives of session 3?

  • To learn about cognitive-behavioral theory
  • To understand how to use cognitive insight to interact with a person with mental health problems
  • To consider the practical value of the ABC model of irrational beliefs
  • To identify problems events or situations that trigger negative beliefs and behaviors
  • To formulate alternative solutions to avoid or better manage the negative consequences
  • To practice working together with your partner, family member, or friend to resolve his/her issues

Cognitive-behavioral theory in a nutshell

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapy approach that developed from the 1960s by combining cognitive theory and behavioral techniques, originally to resolve depression. Researchers found that common patterns of negative thinking caused behavior problems. They targeted the solution from two angles: (1) challenging negative thoughts to replace them with more positive ones, and (2) de-linking behavior from negative thinking. We continue with more information about CBT in the next section.