Continuing from the introduction of Schema Therapy and the concept of schemas in the previous session, the current session is devoted to exploring early maladaptive schemas. We look at how and why they exist and explore their existence in your life.Session Objectives
- To review the concept of maladaptive
- To describe the 18 early maladaptive schemas
- To become aware of your schemas
- To identify your dominant schemas and triggers
So, what are schemas?
As briefly explained in the introduction, a schema is a core belief that originates from childhood and helps define a person’s identity and attitude in relation to others. Maladaptive schemas are created when early childhood core needs are not met. These are basic safety, connection to others, autonomy, self-esteem, self-expression, and realistic limits.Maladaptive schemas cause unpleasant feelings when they are triggered by a memory or familiar distressing situation. Over
Maladaptive schemas cause unpleasant feelings when they are triggered by a memory or familiar distressing situation. Over time, we learn to adapt to negative schemas and adverse early life experiences by developing coping styles. Unfortunately, these are often unhealthy and tend to maintain or worsen the problem. In order to change unhelpful thinking styles and behavior, it is necessary to identify and understand one’s preferential schemas and coping styles.
The next two topics cover the 18 different maladaptive schemas, divided into five common themes.