The positive psychology formula is contrary to traditional disease models because it emphasizes identifying and developing a person's strength's and virtues rather than disorders and deficiencies. Positive psychology strives to cultivate non-zero sum goals for the benefit of everyone instead of a select few.
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The characteristics of positive psychology are built on three pillars, namely 1) pleasure and gratification, 2) embodiment of strengths and virtues, and 3) meaning and purpose that embody the striving of individuals, groups, and communities to non-zero sum goals.
In this brief review of positive psychology, the key principles of the approach that targets the development of character strengths instead of the traditional medical model's focus on disorders and deficiencies are highlighted as a process to improve happiness and well-being.